The 7 Different Types of Scaffolding


When construction is undertaken, the building’s support is often compromised. If left unattended, this would make the area incredibly unsafe for both builders and anyone else in the surrounding area. This is why scaffolding is used. However, there are many different types of supportive structures and platforms, each with their own primary use and advantages. Keep reading to find out about the seven main types of scaffolding.


Type 1: Trestle

The first type of scaffolding is known as trestle. This type of support structure is most frequently used for inside work or jobs that need to be completed within a room. One of the most common uses for trestle structures are indoor painting. Generally, the maximum height for this configuration is about 5 meters. The reason for this is simply because they are used inside and therefore do not need to be as high as some other forms of support platform. Trestle working platforms are supported on movable ladders and tripods, making them easy to put up, take down and move.




Type 2: Steel

This support platform is made out of steel and are one of the most widely used structures in construction. Steel working structures are made up from a number of steel tubes that are then joined together by steel fittings, which are otherwise known as couplers. Steel scaffolding is considered as being one of the safest options for workers on construction sites, and this is one of the main reasons why it is so commonly used. Another advantage of this type of construction equipment is that it is very durable, and also fire resistant. It is also easy to assemble and disassemble making it convenient for shorter projects. One slight drawback of steel structures is that they are one of the most expensive options.


Type 3: Patented

Another form of scaffolding that is made from steel is patented. The two structures differ as patented are comprised of unique couplings and frames, and this is how they are assembled. Patented working platforms are one of the easiest and most convenient options as they are pre-assembled, so there is no need for assembly or disassembly after every use. Another benefit of this style of construction structure is that it is possible to be adjusted to suit any height. As a result of this, it makes it very easy for workers to reach the desired height in which the work needs to be completed.


Type 4: Suspended

Suspended scaffolding is slightly different from many other work structures, mainly due to how it is assembled. Unlike most other platforms that use the ground for stability, suspended structures are attached to rooftops. Hanging the working platform to a roof enables workers to easily lift and lower the platform. This is achieved through the use of ropes, chains and wires. This type of structure is not often used for construction work, and instead is used mostly for repair work. One of the most common uses for suspended structures is actually window cleaning on large commercial buildings.


Type 5: Kwikstage

Similar to steel and patented scaffolding, Kwikstage is also built from galvanized steel. Kwikstage is put together through using an interlocking system. This structure is known for its easy assembly as well as its strength and durability. Interestingly, Kwikstage can be built to reach any height. This means that unlike many other types of working platform, it doesn’t have a minimum or maximum height. As a result of this, it can be used on any project, regardless of the situation or size. Wherever any other type of working platform can be used, Kwikstage can be implemented as an alternative. For construction workers that assist with projects of both large and small scale, Kwikstage is an excellent option.


Type 6: Single

Another form of working structure is single scaffolding, this is also known as brick layers scaffolding due to the fact that it is often used for brick masonry. A single structure comprises of standards, putlogs and ledgers, which corresponds to the wall at a distance of around 1.2 meters. The distance between the standards is usually about 2 meters, and ledgers join these standards at an upward facing gap of about 1.5 meters. Putlogs, which are positioned at a space of about 1.5 meters, are then extended out from the gap staying in the wall extending to the ledgers.


Type 7: Double

Double platforms is often used for stone masonry jobs; therefore, it is known as masons scaffolding or sometimes as the independent structure. In stone walls, it is difficult to make holes for supporting putlogs, and as a result of this single structures would not be appropriate. Instead, two rows of support structure are made in order to create a robust, supportive system. Essentially, double is an alternative to single, and provides more support for the building.


Important Patient Facts For Sourcing Dental Implants in Hawkesbury

Patients who are seeking more information about the best dental implant in Hawkesbury will have a number of questions about the practice.

Needing to replace teeth that have been damaged or decayed leads to physical, financial and psychological discomfort, a scenario that no one wants to encounter.

In a market as populated as North-West Sydney, it can be difficult to identify a dental practice that meets your own criteria.

Now we have to resolve an issue that is time sensitive, but that should not allow patients to overlook their duties when considering a procedure as significant as dental implants.

Here we will outline a number of key facts about the practice to help inform and educate people about the topic.


Long-Term Cost Savings

Given the limited budgets that most individuals and households have to manage on a weekly basis, the thought of entering into an expensive dental procedure probably leaves people feeling anxious and apprehensive. Dental implants in Hawkesbury do require a handsome fee upfront, however the long-term savings will make this choice a wise investment.

Gone is the need to source replacements or maintenance on the item as an overwhelming majority of implants are made with a one-time transaction. It will be a hit to the pocket in the interim, but over the course of the following weeks and months, it will be money wisely spent.


Aesthetic and Practical Benefits

When comparing dental implants in Hawkesbury to the old traditional solution of seeking bridges or dentures, it is hard to come to any other conclusion that does not see this as a major upgrade. The aesthetic benefits are there for all to see as the natural realignment of the jaw and teeth offers a more natural look. Then there are the practical advantages of being able to eat hard and sticky foods again, as well as preventing bone loss by replacing the roots of missing teeth. Many of the previous dental procedures would be a sacrifice of the aesthetic over the practical or vice versa, but that is not the case today.



Missing Teeth Is Not A Suitable Solution

Those individuals who are considering delaying dental implants in Hawkesbury or overlooking the requirement altogether are running a dangerous game. Oral cavity issues arise from missing teeth and the longer the issue is not resolved, patients can end up losing a number of other teeth in the process without the necessary support with the jawline.


Be Cautious of Health Risks

There have been rare instances where patients have suffered from an oral infection or nerve damage following the procedure. The important issue to note when sourcing dental implants in Hawkesbury is that the dentist makes you aware of the potential risks whilst offering a number of safeguards to eliminate possible problems. This will include antibiotic remedies among other solutions.


Majority of Implants Are Successful

The raw data that is gleaned from reports in this field have indicated that people who seek dental implants in Hawkesbury are far more likely to leave with a satisfactory outcome than an unsatisfactory one. Over 95% of recipients that return feedback on the service are adamant that the positives outweigh the negatives as they are able to operate as per normal with a functioning set of teeth. In 2018 the dental technology that is available to medical professionals ensures that the comfort has improved, the time taken is minimized and the function of the implants is superior.


Weigh Up The Positives and Negatives

There is no single right or wrong answer on sourcing dental implants in Hawkesbury because every patient is unique. Will the procedure be a success? Is another alternative on the table? Are you able to pay the upfront fee?

What is clear is that a successful implant will provide the best possible outcome to give a set of teeth that look, feel and act like the genuine thing. Speak with your local dentist and gauge their opinion on the matter.




The First Step in Getting Your Home to Go Green

solar water heater

Did you know liquid heaters such as the hot water cylinder NZ represent the biggest single source of greenhouse gas emissions and is the most energy intensive appliance in an average Australian household? Living in the beautiful climate of Australia, it only makes sense to harness the clean, renewable and free supply of energy from the sun.  In addition with the ever-increasing gas and electricity costs, there has never been a better time to switch to a solar hot water system.

A solar hot water system utilizes panels on your roof to collect energy from the sun’s rays to heat liquid which flows into a storage tank, ready for use. There are many different types available and it is important to consider size when choosing which would be suitable for your family, climate, available space and aesthetic preferences.

Investing in a liquid heater make seem like a big decision, but it is the first step in embracing clean energy and will keep giving  back in the years to come. By replacing your traditional electric storage heater with a solar hot water system you will be able to reduce electricity consumption, environmental impact and increase the value of your property.


Reduce your energy bills

Solar hot water systems are the most cost effective way to heat liquid in your home. They are more expensive to buy and install, however the running costs are significantly lower. With electricity and gas prices rising, implementing an efficient heated h2o system will help you to reduce demand on electricity, and thus power usage bills up to 60%. This will result in you being able to enjoy your savings on an ongoing basis.

You can save even more with the government heated liquid rebates. When Australian households install a small scale renewable heated h2o system, they are eligible to receive a benefit under the Small-scale Renewable Energy Scheme (SRES) to help with the initial purchase cost. Small-scale Technology Certificates (STCs) are usually exchanged with retailers at point-of-sale and are generally considered rebates. The assignment levels depend on where you live.


Increase the value of your home

Unlike traditional heating that emit loud noises, a solar hot water system runs virtually noise-free. In addition they require minimal power to work, which makes them efficient, affordable and great investment for your home.


Live a more sustainable life

The cheapest and most environmentally friendly type of liquid heating to run is natural gas-boosted. This will help reduce your carbon footprint and emissions whilst maximizing the free energy from the sun.


Picking the right type of solar hot water system for you

When looking to replace or upgrade your traditional liquid heater with an alternative, it is critical to match your needs.  The right liquid heater for you and your property will be dependent on the climate in which you live in, liquid volume requirements and energy goals. If your storage tank is too small, you risk running out of h2o or if it is larger than what your household needs, energy will be wasted in storing excess heated liquid. Talk to a specialist who can advise you on the ideal solar hot water system for you.

In order to get a quote, suppliers usually need around 30 minutes to assess your home. Retail suppliers often have a wide range of products, so you will be able to receive a quote on a range of different types and models. Always get quotes from at least two suppliers. A solar hot water system’s price can range from $3000-7000, including installation and rebates.

How a PR Agency In Sydney Can Grow Your Customer Reach


Every organisation around the world needs to have advertisement. Advertising your business will allow for your name to get out into the world, promote special products, promote sales and try and display your business as a friendly and helpful company. Whether it be a sign placed outside your place a business or paid advertisements via ads on TV or radio. There are many paid ways to advertise your business. It is not well understood how to use methods of advertising that are basically free.

A reliable PR agency Sydney based firm can help you understand methods that can be used to achieve getting your name out there in the consumer world. The main job for them is to create effective communication between an organisation and it’s target audience. The target audience may be the media, the public or the consumers. When targeting an audience they need to understand what the needs and interests are of the audience. Then and only then can they tailor a message that is relevant to that specific audience.



To create a positive view of an organization a PR agency in Sydney will start to establish trusted relationships with well known sources. These sources come in the form of media outlets. Whether it be social media, blog websites or places that offer free interviews. Having trusted sources ensures that the source displays your business in a positive light.

Another method that a PR agency in Sydney uses is something called messaging. This is creating a consistent story. This is done to remove the confusion when it comes to a business or service, allowing the targeted audience to understand what it is that you are offering. Having a clear message also draws in a customer because they don’t have to try to figure out a puzzle just so they can access information about your services.


An expert at a PR agency in Sydney will also use social media marketing. This is a form of digital marketing making use of technologies like search engines, new media relations, blogging and social media. They are able to utilize multiple platforms at once. By understanding how technology is evolving for multiple uses (for example mobile phones being used for phone calls, messaging, internet shopping, blogging, video watching, you name it you do it) they can expand their advertisement base, allowing a message to be vastly spread.

By utilising the data collected by likes and comments etc. the PR agency in Sydney can track engagement, measure the impression that have been left, measure how much your business has been mentioned and ultimately measure the reach of the campaign.


There are several tactics that will be used by a PR agency in Sydney. They include:

Financial – this is done by communicating your financial information and business strategy to the targeted audience. This creates trust with your audience and also allows them to understand more about your business

Consumer – this is where a product or service is promoted. Drawing to attention to a specific product can gain interest from your audience which ultimately creates curiosity.

They will also maintain communication within the business itself which cuts out the confusion allowing a clear message to be relayed. They will engage government departments, maintain media relations and also in house, which is the communication between entertainment and production companies with the media.

All these methods are put in place in hopes to boost the popularity of your business, bringing a positive view and all done in an almost free advertising way. They can reach factors that paid advertisement simply cannot.

How to Choose the Ideal Pair of Designer Glasses

glasses online

Eyewear serves a dual function in both improving/protecting our vision as well as adding a sophisticated visual appeal that associated with creativity and intelligence. As you can imagine, eyewear is a lucrative industry and you’ve no doubt been tempted to pick out a beautiful pair of designer glasses.

However, choosing the ideal pair of designer glasses to suit your style, face shape and personal preferences can be tricky if you don’t have much experience shopping for them. There’s a nearly endless range of choices out there at it can be easy to become overwhelmed by all the equally amazing options.

Let’s take a look at some tips to help you narrow down your choice for that perfect set of designer glasses.


Get an up-to-date prescription

Before you rush out to go buy your new pair of amazing designer glasses, you need to make sure that you have a current and accurate prescription from your optometrist. This will ensure that you get a pair of specs that are not only aesthetically pleasing but are the perfect visual aid that truly overcomes your visual impairment as much as possible.


Choose a style that suits your face shape

The most important thing to consider when shopping for designer glasses is that there are several different styles you can choose from. Each of these styles will frame your face differently and some designs may be more flattering to you than others.

For example, if you have a very round shaped face then it is best to go with pair that is wider at the bottom than at the top. This will help to elongate your face so that it appears straighter when you’re wearing your designer glasses.

In the reverse, someone with an elongated face can benefit from rounded specs that bring some softness to the angularity of their features. It’s all about compensating for your natural face shape.

If you are unsure of what style of spectacles suits your face type, talk to your optometrist. They will be able to recommend a few different styles you can try.


glasses stylish


Choose a colour that expresses your personality

The next step when shopping for designer glasses is to decide on a colour you want. Depending on how you’re going to use your new pair of specs you may have more or less freedom in this department.

If you’re a busy office worker who needs to maintain an air of professionalism, especially if you need to meet clients, then its best to go with neutral colours that match with your attire. However, if you’re a student or work in a more creative industry, you can probably get away with a pair of specs that has a more elaborate colour scheme.

If you’re going with something more colourful, think about keeping it colour coordinated with your outfits. However, a splash of random colour in your spectacles can actually contrast very well against almost any kind of outfit.


glasses for men


Choose a colour that matches your skin tone

While we all know that face shape has an important role to play in choosing the perfect pair of designer glasses, so does the tone of your skin. Skin tone can actually be more important than hair colour and eye colour when it comes to the suitability of your new pair of specs.

Warm skin tones should stay away from pastels and other contrasting colours. Black or white frames are also not very flattering on this skin tone. It’s best to go with light brown shades, beige, olive green, gold or honey.

Cooler skin tones should avoid picking frames that have colours that wash out their complexion. It’s best to go with black, purple, blue, silver or grey frames that compliment your natural shade.

How Disability Housing Provides Assistance

group of people on their wheelchairs

The NDIS accommodation has been giving many services to provide help with everyday living for those who need help with daily tasks. Some of the partners that they work with offer support in many fields. One of these is disability housing.

They aim to provide safe accommodation with a range of independence, social and economic support for all that are accessing the services. They allow their residence to make their own choices and will support them to achieve their goals.

Residence of disability housing has access to many partners aimed to support the physical and mentally disabled. This is to provide as much support as possible. The support ranges from cerebral palsy support to mental health support. They can aid you with many services such as seeking work, psychologists, and psychiatrists, help with living with your condition, teaching life skills and many more.

NDIS accommodation offers those with physical and mental disabilities help to obtain suitable accommodation with specialists to assist with daily tasks. Whether it be for showering, cooking, cleaning, therapy or counselling. Anything that you need they will assist as best as they can.

By using the online home locator you can search for suitable accommodation in specific locations or by services they have available. The online service additionally allows for accommodation providers to match the vacancy to eligible persons. It is a complimentary service that you can use without registering if you would like to carry out a general search or register for full user access.



Some of the available services include:

– Support to build a person’s capacity to live independently

– Support to help improve standard living skills

– Help grasping how to manage money

– Help to acquire essential household management

– Learn social and communication skills

Learn behavior management

– Medications delivered to the person’s residence

– Support with personal care

– Help with household maintenance

– Help with daily household chores

All of this is provided in hopes to improve a person’s daily and long-term well-being.

Accommodation services available:

– Social and community houses

– Homelessness accommodation

– Emergency accommodation

– Rental assistance


By connected clients to the proper services, you can improve their lives by the large-scale. It brings independence and confidence reducing anxiety and depression.

Accommodation provided by disability housing service will be modified if needed to suit the needs of the residence. All nurses and carers will possess the proper qualifications ensuring the residents receive the care that they need to enjoy a quality life.

NDIS accommodation provides both single accommodation for persons eligible to live independently with the adequate services and carers available, and they additionally provide Community accommodation, allowing you to live with others who are living with a similar condition as you.

Disability housing is also accepting companies wishing to provide accommodation. It is a great investment to make where you will be aiding those who are in tremendous need of assistance and appreciate all that you are providing for them.


Some of the conditions that they can provide accommodation in assistance with:

  • Autoimmune disorders – rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis
  • Digestive disorders – Crohn’s disease, hepatitis
  • Mental disorders – ADHD, Asperger’s, autism, addiction, PTSD, schizophrenia and psychosis
  • Musculoskeletal impairments – degenerative disc disorder, scoliosis, fibromyalgia
  • Cancer – all types of cancer
  • Neurological disorders – seizures, traumatic brain injury
  • Senses – hearing impaired, vision impaired
  • Respiratory – sleep apnea, asthma


These are some of the conditions that can access accommodation and receive further help. If you believe you are eligible for help or you know someone who may be eligible, give disability housing a call today.


Some of the Cool Things Sydney Demolition Contractors Get to Do


The wrecking trade is both a multi-billion dollar business and an extreme-spectator sport. Razing has probably been around for as long as humans have been building structures – it pretty much goes hand in hand with construction. Sydney demolition contractors arguably get the fun end of the stick, tearing down buildings with wrecking balls and using explosives to blow things up (though it isn’t always all fun and games).

Certain factors are taken into consideration before selecting a method of destruction. These include the location of the building, what materials the structure is made of, and the purpose of the job. As an example, blowing up a set of apartments in a busy urban area might not be the safest idea.


Here are some of the ways you can knock down a building:


One of the most visually impressive methods of dismantling a building is via implosion. A blaster crew at Sydney demolition contractors use explosives to break down the structure’s primary supports, which results in the building falling upon itself. It is essential for safety and success that the explosives are placed in the correct areas and that the detonation occurs in the right sequence. This technique is generally used for large structures.

Before the big event, the team of Sydney demolition contractors must examine the structural blueprints to determine the major areas of the building which need to be detonated. From this point, they then choose which explosives to use, where to place them and how to time the detonation.


demolition site


Wrecking ball

This is also quite a dramatic way of taking down a building. Perhaps slightly more old-fashioned than implosion, the wrecking ball is a heavy (think over 6000kg), steel ball suspended on a chain by a crane. It is dropped or swung repeatedly into a structure, crushing it.

It takes a lot of skill on the part of Sydney demolition contractors to operate a wrecking ball as it can be extremely dangerous. Missing the target could cause the crane to tip over, or risk hitting something (or someone!) else. The size of the structure that can be taken down depends on the height of the crane.


Strip out

This is a selective form of razing which is becoming increasingly popular due to the ability to reuse and recycle a structure’s materials. The selective razing of things such as wood, metals, concrete and bricks both inside and outside the building can help to save money and also look trendy when combined with new buildings. The aim of this method is to salvage as much reusable and recyclable material as possible in the safest and most effective way. It is, however, quite a time and labour intensive method.


High reach arm

This is a less excessive substitute to implosion for tall buildings. It uses a base machine (e.g. an excavator) complete with a long arm with a tool such as a crusher or a hammer at the end of it. This is used to tear down the building from top to bottom. The machine and its operator does all the work, and then a team of Sydney demolition contractors sort out the debris for disposal at the end.

This method is considered to be a safer alternative to the wrecking ball for tall buildings. It can also be used on materials such as steel, concrete and masonry.



Sydney demolition contractors get to do some pretty exciting work, though it can be dangerous. If you’re lucky enough to get to watch a live wrecking ball or implosion demonstration, enjoy it!

The Advantages Of Using Data Analytics Solutions

In todays digitalized world customers are able to use the internet to view and buy products. Every view, every order and visits to certain links can create data that you company can use to improve the experience that a customer will receive, increase profits and sales and improve on many other aspects of a business. This data is sourced from the digital world including video’s, blogs and social network sites, as well as the data produced by the business itself.


Because customers share their data, they expect businesses to know what it is that a consumer really wants. Data analytics solutions gather all the information allowing business managers to understand the data that has been collected more clearly. By using this system it removes the clutter and combines the data into legible information. Doing so allows your business to anticipate the needs and wants of the consumers so you can deliver the relevant products instead of wasting shelf space and money on products that are never going to sell, and drawing customers in by having the range of products they desire.


By using data analytics solutions, you are able to collect data in real time allowing you to respond to customers who have used digital technology almost instantly. It also uses the data collected from the individual customer giving you the opportunity to respond in a personalized way. These methods make your customers feel valued. A valued customer is sure to use your products and services again.


analytics graph


Data analytics solutions are also able to use your data to help improve processes within a business itself. There are many processes that can be improved by understanding your data. Time management, product management processes, staff efficiency and fraud detection to name a few. By using your data in real time you are able to improve processes within a business to increase profits, save time, manage all staff, make sure stocks are available and relevant and reduce risks such as fraud, theft and product loss.


Data analytics can improve all businesses providing products or services to the consumer world. Whether it be medical, automotive, food sales, legal or any other product or service that can be offered. All companies compile data and every company will have consumers who want to have their say.


analytics line graph


By reading your data correctly you will have multiple near term benefits. For example, you are able to attract, gain and keep customers by being able to understand the data faster and implementing changes as soon as possible. By reading data faster you are also able to improve financially as you can detect and anticipate where improvements and changes need to be made.


Using real time data with online purchasing or ordering allows for the system to detect fraudulent patterns by using internal sources alongside external sources. Each year billions of dollars are lost to fraudulent activity. No company is immune to fraud. If you make money then there is a chance you can loose money to fraud. By adopting a software that can analyse your data in real time you can almost eradicate fraud altogether.


In the long term you can completely change the face of your operations. Expanding on your consumer base and offering the product or services that is most desired. Your business can run smoothly by using data analytics to analyze this data and predicting future wants and trends, helping you understand the consumer base in ways that would not be possible without the use of data.


So if you are finding that you are losing consumers to the competition, have stock disappearing or have an un-organized, out of control workspace you might find this to be extremely beneficial to the growth and development of your company.


6 Reasons to Take Dance Classes in Sydney


People of all ages and genders can enjoy the rewards of taking dance classes in Sydney. From improved fitness to making new friends, there are so many ways that taking lessons can benefit your life. Read on for great 6 reasons to start lessons:


Stronger social life

If your social network is currently lacking, taking dance classes in Sydney may help. It allows you to meet new people from all walks of life; and as the term progresses, you’ll get to develop positive relationships with your teammates. Learning and working together allows you to build a strong bond, and by the end of your lessons, you’re sure to have made lots of great new friends!


Build your fitness

Dance classes in Sydney are a foolproof way to develop your fitness levels and burn off any unwanted weight. Salsa dancing, for instance, burns nearly an incredible 1700kj an hour. Lessons will get your heart-rate going, improve your overall health and will help to build muscle strength. Studies have shown that getting your groove on helps to build stronger bones and reduce the risk of developing osteoarthritis. If you have a health condition you’re concerned about, speak to your doctor to see if dancing is right for you.




Improve coordination, flexibility and balance

The exercise has also been found by researchers to improve balance, flexibility and coordination. It helps you to better control your muscles and hand-eye coordination, as well as increasing your range of motion. Who doesn’t want that!?


Develop self-confidence

Taking dance classes in Sydney is a wonderful way to improve your self-esteem and self-confidence. For those with body-image concerns, the practice and supportive environment can help you learn to love and accept your body as it is. Additionally, becoming fitter and developing a new skill can also help you to feel good about yourself. If you feel awkward around the idea of boogying, practicing and getting better at it can help you to reconsider yourself in a more positive light.



Reduce stress

There’s nothing like some good music and moving your body to make you feel amazing! Dancing helps to reduce the stress hormone cortisol and release feel-good endorphins. So if you’ve got a lot of pent-up stress from work or family issues, dance classes in Sydney may be the perfect way to release it. It allows you to let go of thoughts and stressors and be fully present in the moment, enjoying the experience. Taking lessons regularly ensures that you get to relieve stress frequently.


Have fun

The practice is also a lot of fun! We’re not really sure why, but there’s something about moving along to music that is supremely enjoyable. It also allows you to express yourself creatively in a supportive environment, whether it be through costume, performance style or choice of music. Fun is such an important part of life, so ensure that you make time for it. Bringing along a friend or partner can also help you to let loose and have fun.


Heal from injury

This one may sound odd; why would you want to aggravate an injury by exercising? While the rest and recovery period is important, there comes a point where not moving may actually make things worse. Ensure that your instructor is aware of your injury and is willing to help you recover. This may mean you might need a shorter lesson, or that you should avoid certain moves for the time being. But given that your doctor has given you the green light, this may help you to heal your injury.